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5M2 Resources

The Five Minute Moment (5M2) is a technique pioneered by the Stanford Medicine 25, which enables bedside educators to provide important information about physical exam techniques and findings in a memorable and engaging way. 5M2’s can be five minute sessions or serve as building blocks for longer bedside encounters depending on the needs of the instructor and learners. Below are some 5M2 Resources exclusively created for members of SBM. 



The presence of digital clubbing can help the aware clinician focus further work up. Learn two easy ways to diagnosis clubbing at the bedside through this 5M2.

Chronic Abdominal Pain

Chronic abdominal pain has plagued patients for as long as they have been seeking care from physicians. Learn how to distinguish benign from severe forms of chronic abdominal pain.

Temporal Arteritis

Timely recognition of temporal arteritis prevents vision loss by offering anti-inflammatory treatment to the patient with arterial inflammation of the temporal branches of the external carotid artery. 

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

By understanding six cardinal features of the history and physical exam of the knee, clinicians can distinguish osteoarthritis of the knee from other types of joint inflammatory conditions. 

Pulmonary Auscultation

The ability to describe breath sounds in novice clinicians provides a gateway into the diagnostic possibilities of pulmonary pathology, as well as other organ systems. 

Pulmonary Landmarks

Known to most medical students learning the pulmonary exam, the Angle of Louis lies atop major thoracic landmarks. Learn about important landmarks of the chest to improve your pulmonary examination skills.

Diagonal Ear Lobe Crease

The diagonal ear lobe crease [DELC] can be a marker of atherosclerotic disease in the appropriate clinical context.

Aortic Regurgitation

Did Abraham Lincoln have aortic regurgitation? We may never know for sure, but you can use these signs to figure out if your patient has chronic aortic insufficiency. 

Causes of Jaundice

Astute clinicians can figure out the likely cause of jaundice 80% of the time through the use of the physical examination.

Functional Murmurs

Learn the seven S's of functional Still's murmurs to help you understand if a systolic murmur is likely to be benign in origin. 


Did you know that liver was once thought to be location of the soul? Learn all of the signs that you can use to identify cirrhosis at the bedside.


According to the WHO, nearly 1/3 of the world’s population suffers from chronic anemia. Don’t miss these easy signs to spot chronic anemia in your patients!

Tactile Fremitus

Did you know that the lung is a low pass filter that allows sounds below 200Hz to make it out to the chest wall? Learn how to use tactile fremitus to diagnosis pleural or parenchymal pulmonary disease.

Rotator Cuff Tear

Diagnosing a rotator cuff tear is easy if you know these three simple maneuvers.

Share a 5M2!

Do you have a 5M2 of your own that you’d like to share with the SBM community? We want to hear from you!

Submitted 5M2s will be reviewed by the 5M2 editorial team at SBM. If selected for potential posting on the SBM website, the editorial team will contact you with suggested edits and assist in creating a final 5M2 that can be shared with the entire SBM community. The rights to all posted 5M2 will belong to SBM. All posted 5M2s will be distributed freely to SBM members for use in their own teaching and practice.


Please use the 5M2 template below to submit your 5M2.

Name *
Briefly describe your proposed 5M2 (150 words)
Please provide a historical narrative about the exam technique or finding.
Please describe the context and usefulness of the technique or exam finding.
Please describe the proper technique or maneuver in sufficient detail so that it can be performed properly by a reader
Please provide an interpretation of the presence or absence of the finding, or the maneuver itself.
Please note any relevant caveats or common errors in either technique or interpretation.